Fear and Anxiety
When a person suffers from fear and anxiety leading to paranoia there is a common theme of gradual withdrawal from significant others and the world at large. This is due to the indifference to people which is based upon the perception of an environment that differs from their social norms and expectations. The typical symptom that underlies and characterises this disorder is the perception that other people and the world at large are hostile and mean them harm and this leads to distrust and hyper-vigilance. Typical symptoms may include beliefs that:
Other people and even those close to them want to exploit or deceive them and that these people (even those they love most) are untrustworthy.
Personal information shared with others may be used maliciously.
Their partner is fake, unfaithful and lies to them.
Everyone, including significant others, means them and their offspring harm.
They believe there is a hidden meaning behind remarks or events others perceive as benign.
What is Paranoia?
Paranoia involves intense anxious or fearful feelings and thoughts often related to persecution, threat, or conspiracy. Paranoia can become delusional when irrational thoughts and beliefs become so fixed that nothing (including contrary evidence) can convince a person that what they think or feel is not the true state of affairs. When a person suffers from as paranoia or delusions, but without the accompanying symptoms (hearing or seeing things that aren’t there) being present, they may be suffering of what is referred to as a delusional disorder. Because only thoughts are impacted in such cases, a person with a delusional disorder can usually work and function normally in everyday life. Their lives may, however, be limited and isolated.
What are the Signs of Paranoia and Delusional Disorder?
Symptoms of paranoia and delusional disorders include intense and irrational mistrust or suspicion, which can bring on a sense of fear, anger, and betrayal. Some identifiable beliefs and behaviours of individuals with symptoms of paranoia include mistrust, hyper-vigilance, difficulty with forgiveness, defensive attitude in response to imagined criticism, preoccupation with hidden motives, fear of being deceived or taken advantage of, lied to, inability to relax, and they may argumentative.
What Causes Paranoia?
The cause of paranoia is a breakdown of various mental and emotional functions involving reasoning and assigning meaning to life. The reasons for these breakdowns are varied and uncertain but may be linked to repressed extreme negative emotional events during early life. Some symptoms of this paranoia relate to suppressed, repressed, denied or projected feelings. Often, paranoid thoughts and feelings are related to events and relationships in a person’s life. There is normally increased isolation and those suffering from paranoia have difficulty in seeking professional help.
What is a Delusion?
A delusion is an abnormal belief that a person firmly insists is true despite evidence to the contrary. Two of the most common types of delusions are delusions of grandeur (being more competent than other people) or persecutory delusions.
What is a Delusional Disorder?
Delusional disorder is characterized by irrational or intense belief(s) or suspicion(s) which a person believes to be true. These beliefs may seem outlandish and impossible (bizarre) or fit within the realm of what is possible (non-bizarre). Symptoms must last for 1 month or longer in order for someone to be diagnosed with delusional disorder.
How is Paranoia and Delusions Treated?
Treatment of paranoia is usually by means of medication or Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. The most important element in treating paranoia and delusional disorder is building rapport, a trusting and collaborative relationship to reduce the impact of irrational fearful thoughts and improving social skills. Difficulty in treating a person with paranoia lies in the fact that symptoms result that there is increased irritability, emotionally guardedness (what do you know, I know what is good for me), and possible hostility during the counselling process. Progress in rectifying paranoid delusions and especially delusional disorder is therefore normally slow and varied with traditional therapies.
Life Success Transformation Coaching has, in employing therapies such as Inner Conflict Therapy, Negative Emotional Therapy and Negative Belief Therapy proven to, in a short time , successfully address and remove the suppressed gestalts associated with and underlying the emotions leading to paranoia and delusional behaviour, offering full recovery enabling the person to lead a normal, successful and trusting life.
© 2018 – Juan Esterhuizen – Connecting The Dots